Abstract design made of cutout of male head and symbolic elements on the subject of human mind, consciousness, imagination, science and creativity

Courses List


The different scientific disciplines are not separate from one another.  Instead, they are complementary and vital to the understanding of science and nature as a whole.  Having a fundamental understanding of all of the sciences is necessary to have a deeper understanding of any one single scientific field of study.  

COURSES


ANATOMY


What are you really made of?  How are you put together?  How do these living cells and tissues come together to make a complex living organism? 

You are so much more that meets the eye! Explore human anatomy and learn the answers to these questions, along with the most important question of all… Why are anatomy is the way that it is. You will begin to see the link between structure and function in human anatomy.

Written by ScientistCindy

Visit the anatomy home page

 

poster for anatomy home page at phunnyphysiology.com

Physiology

Dive Deeper into the Functions of the Human Body

Imagine for a moment, if our minds were consciously aware of all of the functions that are going on in our bodies at this very moment. Hundreds of trillions of cells each working to maintain their own homeostasis, while carrying out its specialized function for the “greater good” of the tissue to which it belongs. The levels of coordination continue up the anatomical hierarchy in a delicate dance to keep us functioning throughout our day.  

Visit the Physiology Home Page Now


So much of what our bodies do, is done without our knowledge and, at times, without our appreciation. 

MICROBIOLOGY



SEEing THE UNSEEN

Seeing is believing.  Before the invention of high-powered microscopes, the existence of tiny living organisms that were too small to be seen with the naked eye was thought to be a fairy tale to most people.  Imagining a world of unseen germs that could make you ill was a frightening thought.  None-the-less, microscopes gave way to the field of microbiology.

Since then we have discovered that our bodies are teeming with harmless and even beneficial bacteria. We now have a multi-billion dollar industry built upon replenishing the body’s supply of these helpful bacteria in the form of ‘probiotics’.

The field of microbiology has uncovered, undoubtedly, the strangest, most diverse, and most resilient lifeforms on Earth!  From viruses to archaea feasting on toxic waste to bacteria that thrive on sulfur from deep-ocean sea-vents in the absence of even the faintest ray of sunshine, microbiology continues to challenge life as we know it on or planet. 

Written by ScientistCindy

Go To the Microbiology Home Page

  Environmental Science 


This blue planet we call home has provided for its inhabitants for more than 3.7 billion years. Yet in just the last few hundred years, humans have changed the face of our planet with its unprecedented population boom and changing technology.

Environmental science uses an interdisciplinary scientific approach to solve the world’s problems of inequity, pollution, responsible use and sustainability.  Understanding that the environmental issues plaguing our world today are multifaceted and that there are no “one size fits all” solutions, the best scientific minds from all disciplines can come to the table in search of solutions for the common good to all nations, all industries and all peoples for a brighter, cleaner and more sustainable tomorrow. 

                                                                                          Written by ScientistCindy

GENERAL BIOLOGY

THE STUDY OF LIFE

Learn about the different types of life found on our planet.  Explore organisms from single-celled organisms swimming in our local ponds to the wonderfully diverse multi-cellular organisms that make up our biosphere.  Discover the adaptations and reproductive strategies different species have developed in order to survive.  Learn about the underlying chemical principles that govern homeostasis and sustain life. Explore the structure and function of DNA, proteins, the cell and organelles. Find out how DNA is replicated, inherited, translated and transcribed. Learn about photosynthesis and cellular respiration, mitosis and meiosis.  

Go To the General Biology Home Page


General Biology is the study of LIFE; how it happens and its struggle for survival.

 

Written by ScientistCindy

 

GENETICS

 

 

All of the amazing diversity of life on our planet is brought about from changing the sequence of only 4 single nucleotides.

GENETICS


THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR LIFE

Life on Earth is incredibly diverse. From the single-celled amoeba to complex human beings, all life on Earth share the same basic genetic material, DNA.

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. This ever-important molecule is made up of a long string of nucleotides. These nucleotides differ in the fact that they can possess any 1 of the 4 available nitrogenous bases; adenine, cytosine, guanine or thymine. 

The huge diversity of life on our planet arises from different numbers and combination of these nitrogenous bases, called the genetic code. 


  NEUROSCIENCE 

The Human Experience.  The sense of self.  Empathy.  The art of creation and imagination. Our identity.  

Anyone who has ever had the unfortunate opportunity to know someone who has had a brain injury, can attest to how much of a person’s personality, sense of self and reality and be drastically altered in just a blink of an eye.  We build a narrative within us about who we think we are and how we perceive the world around us. These thoughts and perceptions are influences by countless memories, belief systems, habits, personal experiences and cultural upbringings. 

The brain is not fixed, as researchers once thought decades ago. The brain is constantly changing and evolving, for better or for worse.  The direction in which your brain grows depends largely on the habits  and thinking patterns that you adopt or reinforce. The positive part of this changeability of the brain, is that we have some flexibility and capability to grow. To become smarter. kinder. gentler. or more creative versions of ourselves.

The neuroscience page will explore amazing case studies of people who have harnessed the power of neuroscience to better their brain and even recover from brain injuries that medical professionals claimed were incurable.  

Learn how to apply neuroscience to areas of your life that you would like to change to become the best you and achieve a level of success that you might have thought was not possible. 

                                                                                          Written by ScientistCindy

   Chemistry – for the life sciences


In order to truly understand biology, you must understand the basic chemical principles that govern how matter forms in the first place. Everything that has mass, including every living creature and everything we can see and touch, is made up of atoms. Atoms are made up of 3 subatomic particles. Essentially all of the mass of an atom lies in its center, called the nucleus (atomic nucleus). The nucleus is composed of positively-charges protons and uncharged neutrons.  The extremely tiny negatively charged electrons lie outside of the nucleus in distinct areas that are relatively extremely far away from the center of the atom. Now it gets even stranger! The atom itself is actually 99.999999999999999% EMPTY SPACE! 

Many biology student run away screaming when they hear the dreaded “C” word… CHEMISTRY.  I think this is a shame, because students are missing out on one of the most fascinating, weird and wonderful facts about being human.  Take a moment to think about this fact…

 We experience ourselves, other people and the objects around us as “solid matter”.  However, this perception is far from the truth.  You, your loved ones, your house, your car,  and the chair you are sitting in, all are essentially EMPTY SPACE. 

By now you might be thinking, if everything is essentially empty space, how come you don’t fall through your chair when you sit down?  How is it possible to grip a person’s hand during a handshake? If you want to know the answers, continue reading this article on the chemistry home page!

Written by ScientistCindy

Go To the Chemistry Home Page

Physics

 

 

At the most fundamental level of all matter, the world is a very strange place.

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PHYSICS


THE FUNDAMENTALS FOR UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF MATTER

Everything that has mass is made up of atoms. This includes you, the chair you are sitting on, your pet, and the ground beneath your feet. 

When we break down matter into its individual atoms and take a close look, we find that the laws of physics that you and I experience on a day to basis are warped and changed. In this wired quantum world of nature, subatomic particles can be in 2 places at once. They can move from one position to another instantaneously without ever occupying any of the space in between. They can communicate with another entangled particle instantaneously no matter how far the distance between them. 

Even the atom itself is essentially little more than just “empty space”. Yet somehow our perception of reality